Load safety is another important aspect to remember for heavy vehicle drivers and operators in Australia. The country had already seen a number of road accidents and road closures which was caused by fallen debris from trucks carrying various loads like household goods, building materials and green waste. This brings major disruption to other road users and may costs huge amount of money in damages to vehicles and properties.
It is always necessary to properly secure your load. Use the right type of vehicle for your particular cargo, as well as a restraint equipment that is in good condition and appropriate for the type of load you are carrying. Position the load correctly. Always check your load restraint before leaving and during the trip. Also, do not forget to know the varied road conditions of your route. There are laws in Australia that require heavy vehicle drivers and operators to comply with specific standards. Failure to restrain a load correctly on a vehicle may result into fines, penalty or imprisonment.
The load restraint system must follow the following requirements as specified by the National Transport Commission:
- It must be in the knowledge of the truck driver that the load must not get dislodged from the vehicle
- any load movement should be limited, such that in all cases where movement occurs, the vehicles stability and weight distribution cannot be adversely affected and the load cannot become dislodged from the vehicle.
- 0.8g deceleration in a forward direction;
- 0.5g deceleration in a rearward direction;
- 0.5g acceleration in a lateral direction; and
- 0.2g acceleration relative to the load in a vertical direction.
There are different types of heavy vehicles with different classifications of loading. Loads can be contained loads within a tipper truck, box trailer or tanker or those that are secured by lashings, chains, straps and ropes. Loose loads like sand or rocks must be contained in a tipper body as the solid slides prevent the load from spilling. seo analysis . Tarpaulins are used to cover these loads to prevent them from blowing out of the truck. ip owner . Meanwhile, liquids and fine powders should be contained in tankers.
Weight distribution is also being considered when loading to maintain the handling and balance of the truck, loads should be spread close to the centre line and kept as low as possible, with heavier items positioned near the bottom. Parts of your vehicle may be damaged if weight is not not properly distributed. private cloud steam site down . It can cause the chassis frame to twist, or overload the axle housings, wheel bearings and tires, which may lead to further damage or worse accidents.
Other Tips and Reminders to Properly Secure Your Load
- Build similar items together, in a more stable single unit.
- Fill spaces and gaps between piles with other items and make sure these are restrained well.
- Use restraints when packing wooden boards; anti-slip matting prevents items from sliding, especially long items.
- High and narrow items such as stacks of smaller cartons usually need more than one restraint.
- Ropes can be difficult to keep tight across your load. When available use webbing straps as they can be more effective and are simple to use.
- Use metal or heavy-duty plastic top corner protector angles to protect cartons.
- Nets and tarpaulins may be used to restrain lighter items.
- Most headboards and loading racks aren't enough to fully restrain heavy loads.
- Loose sheets of building materials may be restrained by fitting them tightly in trays, and then securing them properly with restraints.
- Make sure heavy items are not loaded on top of lighter items.